Common civil rights of third country civilians

1. Third-country civilians, legal residents in the country have freedom of movement and establishment throughout the territory. A presidential decree, issued following a proposal by the Ministers of Interior, Foreign Affairs, National Defense and Public Order and Civil Protection, may prohibit, for reasons of public interest, their residence or settlement in certain geographical areas of the Country.

 2. Citizens of third countries residing legally in Greece are insured with the relevant insurance organizations and have the same insurance rights as the nationals.

 3. The provisions of p.d. 57/1973, concerning social protection are applied to citizens of third countries residing legally in Greece.

  “The provisions of p.d. 162/1973, of article 22 of law 2646/1998 (A` 236), as well as the regulatory decisions that have been issued by their authorization, are also applied to the citizens of third countries, who are granted a residence permit for humanitarian reasons. “

 4. Detained third-country civilians shall be informed, in a language they understand, immediately after being admitted to an institution, of their rules of living therein, as well as of their rights and obligations. It also facilitates their communication with diplomatic or consular officials of the State of which they are nationals or from whom they come, as well as with their attorneys.

 5. The acts provided for in articles 1 and 2 of law 927/1979 (A 139) and in par. 1 of article 16 of law 3304/2005 (A 16) are prosecuted ex officio.

 6. The validity of the residence permit, subject to more specific regulations of this Code, is not affected by temporary absences not exceeding six months per year or by absences of longer duration for the fulfillment of compulsory military service or by an absence of twelve consecutive months. limit for serious reasons, in particular pregnancy and maternity, serious illness or study or vocational training in another Member State or third country “or if they have been transferred outside the territory as victims of the acts referred to in Articles 323 A and 351 of the Penal Code, if there is a relevant act of characterization by the competent Prosecutor of the Court of First Instance “.

 7. Minors of third country nationals residing in Greek territory are subject to compulsory schooling, as are nationals. Minorities of third countries, who attend all levels of education, have, without restrictions, access to the activities of the school or educational community.

 8. For the registration of minors of third countries in Greek schools, of all levels, the corresponding documents required for the domestic ones are required. By way of exception, third-country nationals and children of third-country nationals may be enrolled with incomplete documents if:

 a. They are protected by the Greek state as beneficiaries of international protection and those under the protection of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

 b. They come from areas where there is a volatile situation.

 c. They have applied for international protection.

 d. They are citizens of third countries residing in Greece, even if their legal residence in it has not been regulated.

 9. By decision of the Minister of Education and Religions, the terms and conditions of recognition of primary and secondary education qualifications obtained in the country of origin and the conditions of classification in the Greek educational system, as well as registration of students, who are third citizens, may be determined. countries, in public schools. A similar decision may regulate issues of optional teaching of the mother tongue and culture where there is a sufficient number of interested students, in the context of the support activities of the Ministry of Education and Religions and determine the employment relationship and qualifications of teachers who will teach mother tongue and cultural elements of their country of origin.

 10. Without prejudice to more specific provisions of the current legislation, citizens of third countries, who have graduated from secondary education in Greece, have access to higher education, under these terms and conditions, as well as citizens.

 11. For the exercise of any professional activity by citizens of third countries and provided that the other legal conditions are met, it is not required to present a certificate of reciprocity.

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